Calliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (Meisn.) Barneby Anneslia confusa ( Sprague & Riley) Britton & Rose Calliandra similis Sprague & Riley Anneslia similis. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Calliandra calothyrsus is a small, thornless, often multistemmed shrub. Under optimum conditions it can attain a height of 12 m and a. Common Name: Red Calliandra. Calliandra calothyrsus. Often grown as a fuelwood crop and as an ornamental, it has escaped from cultivation and invaded .

Author: Vudokree Kanos
Country: Azerbaijan
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Technology
Published (Last): 20 May 2007
Pages: 131
PDF File Size: 10.98 Mb
ePub File Size: 12.56 Mb
ISBN: 656-9-12273-883-8
Downloads: 54643
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Mikazilkree

Also used for the provision of green manure, shade for coffee and calothyrsud, land rehabilitationerosion control.

Assessment of the nutritive value of Calliandra calothyrsus: Palatability and effect on dairy cow milk yield of dried fodder from the forage trees Acacia boliviana, Calliandra calothyrsus and Leucaena leucocephala. Intake, digestibility and nitrogen utilization of three tropical tree leguems I.

Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf. The ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen, high leaf biomass production and high yields of protein leaf material on less fertile soils make this species very suitable as a green manure and it is used in alley-cropping systems. Flowering will cease over the dry season where greater than 4 months dry occurs.

Often cultivated as companion crop and to improve soil conditions, Red Calliandra or Calliandr calothyrsus is a fast-growing, thornless shrub that grows around m high. Cattle direct grazing calliandra over a month period in Indonesia gained 0. Predominantly outcrossing with a weak, possibly late-acting, self-incompatibility system. Stumps are very useful for interplanting among other trees or for a better establishment on steep slopes.


Utilisation of Leucaena diversifoliaLeucaena esculentaLeucaena pallida and Calliandra calothyrsus as nitrogen supplements for growing goats fed maize stover. Seedlings grow away very quickly and calliadnra be 2.

Scientific name

Prefers a pH in the range 5 – 6, tolerating 4. Produced high levels of both leaf and wood in multi-location trials.

Single harvest strategies will therefore result in seed losses from early dehiscing of pods, calothyesus varying quantities of unripe seed. They can be sown directly in the cleared field or in a nursery.

The ruminal degradability of fibre explains part of the low nutritional value and reduced methanogenesis in highly tanniniferous tropical legumes. Another method is to produce stumps. Calliandra intake resulted in a decrease in cellulolytic bacteria in the rumen Salawu, related to tannin content McSweeney et al.

Controlling the weed before it seeds will reduce future problems. Not listed as a noxious weed by the state or governments in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. Calliandra is frequently used as a protein supplement in dairy cow feeding. A simpler method is to immerse the seed in a small amount of almost boiling water which cools down quickly enough so that it does not kill the seed and then soak it for 12 – 24 hours in warm water before sowing.

The numerous red staminal filaments are cm long.

Factsheet – Calliandra calothyrsus (Calliandra)

Small ruminants In Uganda, calliandra is given to sheep and goats as whole stems and plants Nyeko et al. Range Central America – central Panama, north to southern Mexico. Protein precipitating capacity mm g -1 DM. Flower sepals and petals callthyrsus green, calyx 2 mm long, corolla mm long.

  2711P B6C20D PDF

A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes. Calliandra calothyrsus is a small tree or a large shrub. The optimum amount of rain is between and mm, but it can grow in areas with much less rain NTAF, Seedlings can be planted 0. Calliandra calothyrsus as a supplement for milk production in the Kenya highlands. If in doubt consult an expert. As most of the tropical soils are losing their fertility, planting Calliandra calothyrsus is a way to improve soil fertility and stabilize the soil structure.

The plants will often flower all year round[ ]. Palatability of tropical tree legume forage to rabbits.

The dense canopy of calliandra provides good cover against sun and rain. Animal Feed Science and Technology calothyrdus, pp. Other names include Powderpuff and Kaliandra. Calliandra is one of the most tanniferous legumes Ahn et al.

Click on images to enlarge. Feed intake and selection of tree fodder by dairy heifers. Morphological description Calliandra is an almost evergreen, thornless small legume tree, usually about m high, but it can reach a height of 12 m.

Seed – the seed has a hard coat and requires pre-treatment by scarification. The fruits are broadly linear, flattened, pubescent, dehiscent pods, caoothyrsus long x 1 cm broad, and brown in colour. Please view the copyright link for more information.