Ann Anat. Jul; doi: / Epub Apr 3. Medical Students’ Assessment of Eduard Pernkopf’s Atlas: Topographical. The following biography is mainly based on the article “The History of Eduard Pernkopf’s Topographische Anatomie des Menschen” (see bibliography) by David. A University of Vienna investigation determined in that Eduard Pernkopf’s anatomy department used bodies of executed prisoners from the Gestapo and.

Author: Magore Bamuro
Country: Bhutan
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Sex
Published (Last): 18 April 2014
Pages: 409
PDF File Size: 10.59 Mb
ePub File Size: 7.54 Mb
ISBN: 461-9-14470-747-7
Downloads: 25750
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Juzilkree

Is it ethical to use something e. He taught Pernkopf topographical anatomy and in Pernkopf became his assistant. Pernkopf was habilitated for anatomy inbecoming professor extraordinary inand in May,he became professor of anatomy at the University of Vienna.

Eduard Pernkopf – Wikipedia

He is best known for his seven-volume anatomical atlas, Topographische Anatomie des Menschen translated as Atlas of Topographical and Applied Human Anatomy ; often colloquially known as the Pernkopf atlas or just Pernkopfprepared by Pernkopf and four prenkopf over a year period.

On the other hand, “There can be no doubt that Pernkopf, as head of the Anatomy Institute, was instrumental in the procurement of the bodies of the victims of Nazi terror for dissection, and ultimately, for the creation of his Atlas,” argues Pieter Carstens, a professor of public law at the University of Pretoria [17].

The author further suggests that use of the atlas is itself the most fitting tribute to those who died for it, whether they were victims of Nazi repression or not.

He worked by himself while Pernkopf resumed his prewar schedule despite the privations he had endured. The New York Times.

We thank David J. From that year he was assistant in the II. Howard Israel, an oral surgeon at Columbia Universityrevealed that the subject bodies may have in some cases been those of executed political prisoners.

Skip to content A tempest has arisen recently in the wake of the videos documenting the sale of body parts of aborted children to scientists for use in research. Bibliography Topographische Anatomie des Menschen. Case Western Reserve University. In the mid s, however, when the university’s wartime perbkopf were investigated, it was assumed that Pernkopf arranged for the bodies of nearly people executed by the Gestapo, mostly for political reasons, to serve as models for the atlas’ drawings.


Also inhe joined the Nazi Party ‘s foreign organization. Retrieved from ” https: In sharp contrast, the editors of the NEJM esuard not seen fit to allow critics to debate the murderous Nazi roots of the atlas in its pages. The only deviation from this high level of realism was the use of color, where Pernkopf instructed them to use brighter hues than those found in real cadavers so that a reader would better learn to recognize and distinguish key anatomical landmarks.

The continuing ethical controversy”. The other three all had some degree of formal training. Anatomical institute of Vienna and for the next fourteen taught anatomy at various posts throughout Austria.

What should we do about Eduard Pernkopf’s atlas?

How can something so beautiful at the eudard time be so utterly despicable? Hans Hoffa Jewish physician who had left the Vienna faculty ingave him two rooms at the school’s neurological institute.

Proponents have countered that the knowledge gained from the atlas can pernopf ethically separated from its origins nor can it be in some cases easily replaced by modern technology or other atlases. Since then physicians have discussed whether it is ethical to use the atlas as it resulted from Nazi medical research.

They continued working in the small space Hoff gave them. Fosterhe sees the anatomist’s fundamental crime as a violation of his subjects’ dignity. Although never charged with war crimes, Pernkopf spent three years in an Allied prison camp near Salzburg after the war.

Eduard Pernkopf and the Ethics of Science from Holocausts

Here he was active in a nationalistic German student fraternity, Die akademische Burschenschaft Allemania, founded in To him who is the proclaimer of National Socialist thought and the new way of looking at the world and in whom the legend of history has blossomed and has awakened and who has the heroic spirit within him, the peernkopf son of our homeland, eduarx wish to give our gratitude and also to say that we doctors with our whole life and our whole soul gladly wish to serve him.


His former facilities at the university were unavailable to him since the anatomical institute had been bombed during the rduard. The first volume of the atlas was published in However, the death of his father, the village’s doctor, in led him to pursue medicine instead, as his father’s death caused the family considerable hardship that a career as a physician was more likely to reverse. With the exception of Lepier, ineligible for service because of his severe varicose eduzrdall the artists entered military service.

His fortunes would change radically as a result.

Eduard Pernkopf and the Ethics of Science from Holocausts | Evolution News

Retrieved 1 December They should “[promote] those whose heredity is more valuable and whose biological constitution due to heredity gives the promise of healthy offspring [and prevent] offspring to those who are racially inferior and of those who do not belong. As a student he had worked under Ferdinand Hochstetter, director of the university’s anatomy institute. Journal of Biocommunication, San Francisco, Spring15 2: He continued to serve in those positions until World War II ended two years later, with the surrender of Germanyincluding Austria.

There are no simple answers here, but I think most thoughtful people can agree on some ethical principles. Carson should apologize for using the tissue, although his intentions were obviously good.