Fouquieria splendens. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire. Fouquieria splendens. Plant Database Search. Ocotillo. This upright thorny shrub occurs from southern California east to west Texas and ranges south into. Fouquieria splendens Engelm. Go To Encyclopedia of Life Family: Fouquieriaceae Fouquieria splendens image. Max Licher. VPAP; Field Guide; Web Links.

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Blossoms soaked for a summer drink, a blood purifier and tonic. Supply minimal supplemental water. Watch for the plants greening up quickly after rains.

Fouquieria splendens – Wikipedia

Plants that prefer soils with above average moisture in their natural range, such as slope bottoms, canyon or ravine bottoms, north facing slopes or shaded soils with above average moisture retention. Ideal plants have been grown from stem cuttings and from seed. MasonMcDougall Apache made a powdered root paste to ease swelling.

Hummingbird and carpenter bees Xylocarpa californica are the main pollinators. Great as a surprising specimen or forbidding hedge. It can be propagated from cuttings, but results are variable. They are pollinated by hummingbirds or carpenter bees. It is the most widely distributed species of the genus.

Fall, Spring, Summer Light: Articles with ‘species’ microformats Commons category link is on Wikidata. Fouquieria splendens is an odd, slender, cactuslike, spiny shrub or small tree 2,5 to 6 m high with little branched or unbranched stems and differentiated short and long shoots. For the s;lendens place, see Ocotillo, California. You must be a magazine subscriber to access this feature.


Log In Sign Up. Appearing within days after ground-soaking rains and turning yellow and dropping in response to drought; blades fleshy, ovate, cm long.

Go To Encyclopedia of Life The plant produces two types of leaves. Seeds were parched and ground into flour for mush or cakes.

Ocotillo is not a true cactus. This feature has been temporarily disabled during the beta site preview. Leaves are shed whenever the conditions become arid. Common uses Deer Resistant.

North American Natives Flower Color: Plants that prefer soils with average moisture in their natural range. How to Prune Hydrangeas. Soil Description Prefers rocky, sandy or decomposed granite soil. Individual stems may reach a diameter of cm at the base. Height 10 – 33 ft 3 – The range of Fouquieria splendens slightly exceeds the limit of the Sonoran Desert throughout southern California and south-western Arizona, Texas and Mexico Zacatecas and Hidalgo.

The second type of leaves are obovate to elliptic, appear shortly after each brief warm-season rainfall in fascicles on short shoots, often fully formed within 48 hours and drop in a drought, leaving numerous scars.

Once established, these plants should still thrive with little or no additional irrigation in years of normal precipitation, as long as they are planted in areas with naturally year-round moist soils.

Ease of Care Moderately Easy. Ocotillo in full bloom near Lookout Mountain, Phoenix, Arizona. Tube mm white. Common names include Ocotillo, Coachwhip, Jacob’s staff, and Vine Cactus, although it is not a true cactus.


Plants that prefer soils that are moist year round.

Site Type Native to the Colorado Desert and slightly extending into the Mojave Desertit is found in very arid slopes, canyons, washes and alluvial fans in fast draining sandy, gravelly soil, often among boulders but also in pure sand. Fine Gardening – Issue Full Sun Growth Rate: Sometime it makes thin pygmy forest in the arid landscape.

This data was interpolated to estimate average July-August-September precipitation for the latitude and longitude of each plant occurrence location provided by the Consortium of California Herbaria. This southwestern native shrub grows to 20 feet tall and 15 feet wide and sports long, dull, spiny stems that green up and leaf out after a rain, followed by long, scarlet flowers that attract hummingbirds.

Fouquieria splendens, Ocotillo

Stocky, swollen, caudiciform, almost invisible, with rough and fissured bark. Please log in or create a free account.

Search our database of Plants. MasonMcDougall Common Name: Large specimens in the wild may be years old.

The Plant Guide

Ocotillo plants prefer well-drained, sandy or gravely loam soil with low to moderate amounts of organic content. Depending on the rains a plant may gain and lose its leaves six or more times a year.

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